For the average person whose immune system is healthy, your body will be able to fight the coronavirus off.
At the time of writing, there are million of people infected with COVID-19, the coronavirus that spread from the Wuhan province in China. Coronaviruses are ‘zoonotic’, meaning they can be transmitted between humans and animals, namely mammals and birds. While the exact origins of the virus are still being determined, it is widely believed that the virus was first transmitted to a human at a fresh market in Wuhan, where various meat products were sold.
The virus couldn’t have begun to spread at a worse time, as Chinese New Year festivities were just beginning. Millions of people were traveling across the world to spend time with families and loved ones, creating more opportunities for the virus to reach countries and continents far and wide. Since its discovery, the coronavirus COVID-19 has reached an estimated 83 countries.
The human body responds to numerous viruses with some common symptoms: a runny nose, coughing, and fevers, all of which are ways the body naturally tries to fight off the virus through creating a hostile environment. A buildup of mucus in your olfactory system helps prevent more pathogens from entering the body, while sneezing, coughing, and tearing up are physical reactions that attempt to expel the virus from your orifices. Meanwhile, your body’s temperature also rises to try to kill the viruses.
Usually, this is enough to ensure the virus is eventually fought off by the body’s natural immune system. As with all other viruses, there is no known cure for coronaviruses, and treatment is often limited to reducing the severity of symptoms.
COVID-19 is a coronavirus that binds to two types of cells in the lungs: goblet cells, and cilia cells. Goblet cells produce mucus, and cilia cells prevent your lungs from filling up with debris and fluid as the tiny microscopic hairs that line their walls provide a strong defense. When COVID-19 binds to these cells and kills them, those lines of defense are also brought down, causing your lungs to fill with fluid. Breathing becomes more laborious, but after a few days, your immune system will kick in.
For the average person whose immune system is healthy, your body will be able to fight the coronavirus off. Characteristics symptomatic of the common flu will begin to manifest, such as running a fever and coughing, after which you will recover with no long-lasting effects.
But for those whose immune systems have been compromised and are weaker, or for those with underlying conditions, the coronavirus can be lethal. Instead of only attacking the cells affected by the virus, the body’s immune system could begin attacking healthy, unaffected cells. White blood cells could also begin to activate a variety of chemicals that could further damage your lungs. Once this occurs, even those who recover from the virus may suffer long-term effects of the damage to their lungs.
Given the current circumstances, there is no certain treatment on the earth that is capable of curing COVID-19 at this time. All that we can do right now is waiting for the vaccines to be invented. In the meantime, you should consider keeping up with good diets, exercises, and sleeping behavior as they are the most fundamental things that keep your health healthy.
Stay in touch with us